Libya’s Factions Choose Interim Government Ahead of Elections

Delegates from Libya’s warring factions on Friday selected four leaders to guide the North African country through to national elections in December, seen as a major — if uncertain — step toward unifying a nation with two separate governments in the east and west.In what could become a landmark achievement to end one of the intractable conflicts left behind by the Arab Spring a decade ago, the 74 delegates chose a list of candidates in a U.N.-hosted process aimed to give balance to regional powers and various political and economic interests.Mohammad Younes Menfi, a Libyan diplomat with a support base in the country’s east, was chosen to head the three-person Presidential Council. Abdul Hamid Mohammed Dbeibah, a powerful businessman backed by western tribes, was chosen as interim prime minister.The U.N. process, known as the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, was aimed at choosing an interim authority that will oversee Libya as part of an effort to rebuild state institutions and lead to national elections on Dec. 24.Menfi’s list was elected in a runoff as none of four lists initially proposed secured the required 60% of votes from the delegates in the first round.UN Recognizes ‘Tangible Progress’ on Solving Libya Crisis The next meeting of the Security Council on Libya is scheduled for January 28Capping a U.N.-led diplomatic process that began in Berlin in January last year, forum delegates began meeting on Monday in an undisclosed location near Geneva, before reducing their selection to four, then two, and finally one list of candidates for interim prime minister and presidential council on Friday.The voting took place under the mediation of the U.N. secretary-general’s acting special representative for Libya, Stephanie Williams, in hopes to bring stability to a oil-rich North African country that has been largely lawless since Moammar Gadhafi was toppled and killed in 2011.”I am pleased to witness this historic moment,” Williams told delegates after the results were announced. “The decision that you have taken today will grow with the passage of time in the collective memory of the Libyan people.”Williams stressed that the interim government must fully support the ceasefire and uphold the national elections date. She added that the new executive authority must also launch “a comprehensive national reconciliation process.”Since 2015, Libya has been divided between two governments, one in the east and another in the west of the country, each backed by a vast array of militias.In April 2019, Khalifa Hifter, a military commander allied with the eastern government, launched an offensive to capture the capital, Tripoli. His campaign failed after 14 months of fighting. In October, the U.N. convinced both parties to sign a cease-fire agreement and embark on a political dialogue.The other list of finalists had gotten the highest number of votes in a previous round. It included Aguila Saleh, the politically savvy speaker of Libya’s eastern parliament who ran to head the council, and Fathi Bashagha, the powerful interior minister in the western government.On his Twitter page, Bashagha conceded to the winners and hailed the U.N.-mediated electoral process as “the full embodiment of democracy” — and wished the new government success in running the country.One of the unknowns for Libya is how the international community — and in particular, as many as nine countries that have backed opposing sides in Libya — will respond to the vote.The internationally recognized government in Tripoli has had the backing of Turkey while Hifter has been supported by countries including Egypt, Russia, and the United Arab Emirates.The voting process was aired live on several Libyan television channels and streamed on the UNTV website.

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